Haiti’s Opposition Parties Draft a ManifestoLe Manifeste du Cap Haitien de 2012
Dady Chery

CapHaitien17Oct2012a

By Dady Chery
Haiti Chery

Haiti’s Convention of Political Parties, headed by former senator Turneb Delpe, held a national conference of 30 political parties and civilian organizations on Monday and Tuesday October 15-16 in Cap Haitien. The aim of the gathering was to formulate solutions to the country’s crises and counter the Martelly-Lamothe regime as a united front. Together the organizations drafted The manifesto of Cap Haitien. The document is divided in three parts:

  • 1. A description of the current socio-political situation as a non-democratic one that serves foreign interests and does not respect the Constitution.
  • 2. Demands from the executive. This includes a reaffirmation of national sovereignty, a demand for transparency in all financial dealings, and the repeal of all anti-constitutional acts.
  • 3. Commitments of the participants. These include recognition of the right to impeach Martelly. Specifically, the document recognizes “the Haitian people’s democratic right to demand, supremely and peacefully, the end of the anticipated five-year mandate entrusted to a president who deviates from the rules of democracy. “

A full text of the document is translated and reproduced below.

The convention to draft the Manifesto of Cap Haitien was bracketed by protests in the north and west of the country.

On Saturday October 13, farmers in the Caracol area (north) protested against Clinton’s Caracol Industrial Park project. They also objected to continuing landgrabs in the neighboring Chabert region by a wealthy landowning family. The farmers, who have lived in Caracol for generations, raising cattle and goats and growing plantains, okra, and other crops, once again demanded remuneration for the appropriation of their fertile lands. They complained that they cannot send their children to school and pointed out that the current high cost of beans and their scarcity on the Haitian market are due to paving of their lands for the new free-trade zone.

The following day, hundreds to thousands of mostly Fanmi Lavalas members, including Lavalas leaders Ansyto Felix and Timothy M. Rosny, marched from Port-au-Prince’s Church of Saint Jean Bosco to the Champs de Mars, to commemorate the enactment of Haiti’s 1987 Constitution. The protesters called for Martelly and Lamothe’s resignations for incompetence. However small or large this march was, there is no longer any doubt that most Haitians object to the current regime. The reasons vary, but they include:

  • Violent landgrabs and other kinds of extortion by paramilitaries in and out of police uniform,
  • Frequent blackouts from sabotage of the electrical grid for landgrabs and reconstruction contracts. (Some Haitians have taken to calling Electricite d’Haiti, “Everything Dark in Haiti.”)
  • Lack of potable water from sabotage of municipal-water systems for landgrabs and reconstruction contracts,
  • Rampant nepotism, cronyism, and appropriation of public funds,
  • Soaring costs of basic necessities,
  • Disappearance of food staples like rice and beans, due to anti-nationalist policies that caused the country’s agriculture to crash.
  • Boasts by the government that are untrue. For example, Martelly claims that one million children are being schooled for free, but the parents in the slums who are too strapped to send their children to school point to the unschooled children.
  • Foreign interference in Haiti’s affairs.

On October 17, the organizers of the Manifesto of Cap Haitien joined the massive marches in Port-au-Prince and Cap Haitien on the 206th anniversary of General Jean-Jacques Dessalines’assassination.

VIDEO: Port-au-Prince protest on October 17, 2012 (Source: Yvon Vilius).

Sources: Haiti Chery | Photos of Cap Haitien October 17 protest by Mondestin Sony Pascal

Copyright © 2012, 2013 Dady Chery. All Rights Reserved. 

Related:
Mountains Behind Protests

Some of the forum participants (Photo: Gerard Maxineau).

The Manifesto of Cap Haitien, 2012

Translated by Dady Chery for Haiti Chery

English | French

A situation of socio-economic and political decline is settling in and becoming more acute every day, destabilizing the living conditions of the majority of the Haitian population.

The high cost of living, rising unemployment, the arrogance of Tet Kale power, acts of corruption, the difficulties of parents in sending their children back to school have provoked an outcry. These chronic wounds tirelessly corrode the social fabric, digging the bed of popular discontent. Widespread chaos threatens the country and seriously threatens the foundations of our society. A disoriented population takes to the streets to express its dismay.

This increased vulnerability of almost all strata of society continues in an atmosphere of institutional drift and trivialization of public affairs. These deviations result from harmful practices with respect to the Common Good. They are as follows:

  • Systematic and repeated violations of the laws and Constitution of the country;
  • Continuing operations to vassalize other state powers;
  • Repeatedly expressed will of the Head of State to establish a dictatorial and dynastic power in the country;
  • Disintegration and weakening of state institutions for the benefit of the family and friends of the President of the Republic;
  • Waste of public funds;
  • Absence of actions in defense of national interests such as the selling of our mineral resources and the sacrifice of the Port at Fort-Liberté in favor of the Dominican Port Manzanilla;
  • Violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
  • Worsening of the living conditions of the population;
  • Establishment of a Presidential Electoral Council of six members with the obvious purpose of conducting fraudulent elections;
  • Attempt to establish a pink armed militia;
  • Strengthening of impunity;
  • Increased insecurity;
  • Dependence on foreign countries;
  • Quasi-monopoly of national and foreign companies close to power to the detriment of the Haitian people.

Requirements

Based on these observations, we, the political parties, popular organizations and civil society organizations, meeting at the forum in Cap-Haitien, demand:

  • 1. – The repeal of all actions taken, all decisions taken by the President in violation of the law or the Constitution;
  • 2. – Compliance with rules that characterize a democratic society;
  • 3. – Establishment of an Electoral Council that is consensual, honest and credible;
  • 4. – The organization, in a timely manner, of transparent elections to strengthen institutions;
  • 5. – The development, after the aforementioned elections, of the declaration of constitutional amendment in accordance with the procedure outlined by the 1987 constitution for an amendment;
  • 5. – Reaffirmation of national sovereignty and the departure of foreign troops;
  • 6. – Establishment of an independent commission to investigate the use of funds received unduly from international calls and money from abroad, the use of Petrocaribe funds and funds managed by the presidential family;
  • 7. – Termination of all persecution of any kind whatsoever of opposition figures, journalists and human rights activists;
  • 8. – Evaluation, monitoring and enforcement of appropriate decisions to meet, as soon as possible, the main demands of the population, especially those of teachers, police, dismissed employees and assembly workers.

Commitments

Repeated violations of the law and the constitution seriously threaten the country’s future and invite citizen  mobilizations and protest.

Thus, we political parties, groupings of political parties, popular organizations and civil society organizations participating in this forum, we will:

  • 1. – Continue a dialogue, through the ten departments of the country, to enhance our ability to lead successfully and continue the struggle for the emergence, in Haiti, of the rule of law and a nation state;
  • 2. – Express our strong opposition to the arbitrary practices of those in power;
  • 3. – Recognize the Haitian people’s democratic right to demand, supremely and peacefully, the end of the anticipated five-year mandate entrusted to a president who deviates from the rules of democracy;
  • 4. – Remain united to continue to support the Haitian people in their just and legitimate demands and work together to get the country out of the quagmire and resolutely and definitively launch the democratic project;
  • 5. – Encourage various national sectors including schoolchildren, students, civil servants, professionals, workers, peasants, the unemployed, vendors, traders, Protestants, Catholics, Vodouists, Muslims to join forces to provide the country with a political and socio-economic environmentthat can ensure a better life for all its communities.

Done in Cap-Haitien, October 16, 2012:

Signed by: AKAO, Plateforme Libération, MRN, RESPE, OPL, KID, Junot Felix, Serge Jean Louis, Omar Garat, Evans Paul, RDNP, PLH, ESKANP, Fanmi Lavalas (Note: Spokesperson Maryse Narcisse has since said on RadioPaNou that Lavalas is not a signatory.), PNDPH, INITE, MOCHRENA, MNP-28, PLB, PROP, PEP, PNCH, Initiative Citoyenne, Bloc Populaire Nord, Association Consommateurs d’Haiti (ANCH), SIKLON, MOVIDECH, FEMODEK, Batay Ouvriye, Federasyon Fanm No, ORENH, OJPA, Gerard Evans Beaubrun, Jean André Victor, Hugues Celestin, Turneb Delpé, Reynold J. C. Bazin, Dejean Bélizaire, Anes Lubin, Claude Dubique, Mathieu Petit-Frère, Armand Sanon, Jean Garry Denis, Durmasais Erithan, Floreal Cineus, Eluscat Charles, Baz Milot, CATH, ORAN, CREPUNH, Génération du Changement, Global, FOPARK, RENAVOPCE

Sources: Haiti Chery (English) |  Anmwe! Boulva (French)

Le Manifeste du Cap-Haitien de 2012

anglais | français

La situation de dégradation économique, sociale et politique qui s’installe et s’aiguise de jour en jour, fragilise encore plus les conditions de vie de la majorité de la population haïtienne.

La vie chère, l’augmentation du chômage, l’arrogance du pouvoir Tèt Kale, les actes de corruption, les difficultés des parents pour la rentrée des classes provoquent l’indignation de la population. Ces plaies chroniques rongent inlassablement le tissu social creusant le lit au mécontentement populaire. Le chaos généralisé guette le pays et menace dangereusement les fondements de notre société. La population déboussolée gagne les rues pour exprimer son désarroi.

Quelques participants au forum (Photo: Gerard Maxineau).

Cette accentuation de la vulnérabilité de presque toutes les couches de la société se poursuit dans une ambiance de dérives institutionnelles et de banalisation de la chose publique. Ces écarts se traduisent en des pratiques préjudiciables au respect du Bien Commun. Ils se déclinent comme suit :

  • Violations systématiques et répétées des lois et de la constitution du pays ;
  • Manœuvres persistantes pour vassaliser les autres pouvoirs de l’Etat ;
  • Volonté maintes fois exprimée du chef de l’Etat d’instaurer un pouvoir dynastique et dictatorial dans le pays ;
  • Déstructuration et affaiblissement des institutions de l’Etat au profit de la famille et des proches du Président de la République ;
  • Gaspillage des fonds publics ;
  • Démission du pouvoir dans la défense des intérêts nationaux telle le bradage de nos ressources minières, le sacrifice du Port de Fort-Liberté au profit du Port dominicain de Manzanilla ;
  • Violations des droits humains et des libertés fondamentales ;
  • Aggravation des conditions de vie de la population ;
  • Mise en place d’un Conseil Électoral présidentiel de six membres dans le but évident de réaliser des élections frauduleuses ;
  • Tentative de mettre sur pied une milice armée rose ;
  • Renforcement de l’impunité ;
  • Augmentation du climat d’insécurité ;
  • Dépendance vis-à- vis de l’étranger ;
  • Quasi-monopole des compagnies nationales et étrangères proches du pouvoir en place au détriment du peuple haitien ;

Exigences

Fort de ces constats, nous, partis politiques, organisations populaires et organisations de la sociétés civile, réunis au forum du Cap-Haitien, exigeons :

  • 1.- Révocation de tous actes posés, de toutes décisions prises par le Président de la République en violation de la loi ou de la constitution ;
  • 2.- Respect des règles du jeu qui caractérisent une société démocratique ;
  • 3.- Mise en place d’un Conseil électoral Consensuel, Honnête et Crédible ;
  • 4.- Organisation, dans les délais appropriés, d’élections transparentes en vue de renforcer les institutions ;
  • 5.- Elaboration, après les élections susmentionnées, de la déclaration d’amendement de la constitution dans le respect de la procédure tracée par la constitution de 1987, pour son amendement;
  • 5.- Réaffirmation de la souveraineté nationale et le départ des troupes étrangères ;
  • 6.- Mise en place d’une commission indépendante chargée d’enquêter sur l’utilisation des fonds perçus indument sur les appels internationaux et les transferts en provenance de l’étranger, sur l’utilisation des fonds de Petrocaribe et fonds gérés par la famille présidentielle ;
  • 7.- Cessation de toutes persécutions, de quelque nature que ce soit, personnalités de l’opposition, des journalistes et des militants des droits humains ;
  • 8.- Evaluation, suivi et application de décisions appropriées en vue de satisfaire, dans le meilleur délai, les principales revendications de la population, en particulier, celles des professeurs, des policiers, des employés révoqués et des ouvriers de la sous-traitance .

ENGAGEMENTS

Les violations répétées de la loi et de la constitution menacent gravement l’avenir du pays et invitent les citoyens et les citoyennes à la mobilisation et à la contestation.

Ainsi, nous Partis politiques, Regroupements de partis politiques, organisations populaires et organisations de la société civile participant à ce forum, nous engageons à :

  • 1.- Continuer le dialogue, à travers les dix départements géographiques du pays, en vue de renforcer notre capacité à mener et à poursuivre victorieusement la lutte pour l’émergence, en Haïti, d’un Etat de droit et d’un Etat-Nation ;
  • 2.- Manifester notre opposition farouche aux pratiques arbitraires du pouvoir en place ;
  • 3.- Reconnaitre au peuple haïtien le droit démocratique d’exiger souverainement et pacifiquement la démission anticipée du mandat de cinq ans confiés à tout président qui s’écarte des règles du jeu démocratique ;
  • 4.- Rester unis pour continuer à accompagner le peuple haïtien dans ses justes et légitimes revendications et à travailler ensemble pour sortir le pays du bourbier et lancer de manière définitive et résolu le projet démocratique ;
  • 5.- Encourager les différents secteurs nationaux dont les écoliers, les étudiants, les fonctionnaires, les professionnels, les ouvriers, les paysans, les chômeurs, les marchands, les commerçants, les protestants, les catholiques, les vodouisants, les musulmans à joindre leurs forces pour doter le pays d’un environnement, socio-économique et politique capable d’assurer un mieux-être à l’ensemble des collectivités nationales.

Fait au Cap-Haitien, le 16 octobre 2012 :

Suivent les signatures : AKAO, Plateforme Libération, MRN, RESPE, OPL, KID, Junot Felix, Serge Jean Louis, Omar Garat, Evans Paul, RDNP, PLH, ESKANP, Fanmi Lavalas (Note: Maryse Narcisse a annoncé sur RadioPaNou après la réunion que Lavalas n’avait pas signé.), PNDPH, INITE, MOCHRENA, MNP-28, PLB, PROP, PEP, PNCH, Initiative Citoyenne, Bloc Populaire Nord, Association Consommateurs d’Haiti (ANCH), SIKLON, MOVIDECH, FEMODEK, Batay Ouvriye, Federasyon Fanm No, ORENH, OJPA, Gerard Evans Beaubrun, Jean André Victor, Hugues Celestin, Turneb Delpé, Reynold J. C. Bazin, Dejean Bélizaire, Anes Lubin, Claude Dubique, Mathieu Petit-Frère, Armand Sanon, Jean Garry Denis, Durmasais Erithan, Floreal Cineus, Eluscat Charles, Baz Milot, CATH, ORAN, CREPUNH, Génération du Changement, Global, FOPARK, RENAVOPCE

 

Sources: Anmwe! Boulva | Gesner Jean Geffrard | Photo par Gerard Maxineau

Leave a Reply